NATURAL DRAFT COOLING TOWERS

 

Our natural draft wet cooling towers have been used to cool water, primarily in energy production, for almost 100 year. The tower operates on the stack effect which causes the hot air in the tower to rise (natural draft). The necessary stack can be designed in various ways. For both technical and cost reasons, reinforced concrete structures have become standard to handle the high cooling water flow rates from increasingly large power generating units. We have, in the last 50 years, constructed natural draft cooling towers for a variety of applications with water flow rates of up to 216,000 t/h.

 

 

Natural Draft Cooling Tower

Natural Draft Cooling Tower

Areas of application

Especially for power plants and industries with unlimited cooling water flow. The largest cooling water flow in a single natural draft cooling tower built by us to date, has a cooling water flow quantity of 216,000 m┬│/h.

Key features

The required air stream volume for cooling is exclusively produced by the stack effect. The unique economic advantage of natural draft cooling towers lies in their very low electric energy requirement. The operating costs are minimal.

Economical for high cooling loads and depreciation over a long period.

The great distance between the air inlet and the air outlet of the cooling tower dependably avoids any recirculation of warm air that could lead to reduced performance.

The almost complete lack of moving parts allows for high operating reliability and minimal maintenance requirements.

Because of the height of the warm air outlet point the surrounding area remains untroubled by effects of the cooling system.

Cold water temperature in comparison to cell cooling towers

The cooling air flow volume from natural draft cooling towers is directly dependant on local conditions like air temperature and barometric pressure. In cell cooling towers the air volume stream is created by fans and constant. Thus , varying local conditions create varying cool tower characteristics. Below the design point, a natural draft cooling tower offers more favorable cold water temperatures than a cell cooling tower and vice versa.

Winter operation of a natural draft cooling tower

In contrast to a mechanical draft cooling tower, the cooling air stream volume in a natural draft cooling tower is not directly controllable. For winter operation, dependant on the outside temperature and the thermal load, the following control elements can be deployed: zone control, i.e. disconnecting individual cooling zones and winter control, i.e. creating an air inlet hot water curtain bypass.

Winter operation

The water distribution system is constructed for approx. 120% overload. In the case of isolated cool zones, the excess water is diverted through the bypass directly in the cold water basin. This process uses no fittings and the diversion takes place hydraulically. The start-up in winter poses no problems.